Radio Taiso: the Exercise of 10 Million Japanese!
Raise your energy levels and encourage good health with the English language version of the famous Radio Taiso exercises.
What is Radio Taiso?
Literally meaning “radio exercises”, essentially they are a series of callisthenic (i.e. bodyweight) movements. They are designed to warm the body up as well as raise energy levels and encourage overall good health. The 'radio' part comes simply from the fact the instructions and tempo for performing these exercises are broadcast on the radio.
There are three variations of this routine:
- Suitable for all ages and abilities (this one)
- Increase strength.
- Sitting version for the elderly/disabled (OR just people who want to do it sitting down!)
So, whether you are looking to banish early morning aches with gentle stretches to loosen your joints, or you just want something to energise you for the working day ahead – Radio Taiso could be just the exercise program for you.
Morning exercises for health and vigour
Exercise routines that can be performed by any age and by either gender for EQUAL benefit are hard to come by. The first Radio Taiso series of exercises is one such routine. Performed with a nice, light rhythm, the aim of these exercises is to allow you to move more easily as you will have well-balanced muscles and nice supple joints throughout your entire body.
History of Radio Taiso
Japanese radio callisthenics were born in 1928 and have been performed in schools and workplaces ever since for building HEALTH. The programme is also used to build a sense of COMMUNITY in neighbourhoods, where the exercises are performed all together by young and old alike. So what is the appeal of radio callisthenics and why, given it was inspired by the exercises broadcast on American radio in the 1920's, does it endure into the 21st century?
What are Radio Callisthenics?
In a nutshell, they are simply exercises set to a musical radio accompaniment. Every morning an instructor and music will guide you through the movements. It is a workout that practically every Japanese person knows by heart, having learnt it from a very young age.
It is an extremely popular form of exercise in Japan and it is estimated up to 10 MILLION people practice it regularly. It is not quite as common as it was (with some seeing it as quaint piece of nostalgia), but that is as much to do with what killed off the original American version in the 1930's – competition & new ideas. The value of the exercises has not changed. The benefits have not changed. It is culture that has changed. That is slowly starting to change back however, as its many health benefits are once again championed.
What are the fitness benefits of these exercises?
The primary benefit is that they put joints through their full range of possible motion. In most daily life, joint movements usually fall well short of their full range of motion, so muscles can gradually shrink.
Simply put your body through a full range of motion every day and you can see how obvious it is that you will keep 'working better' for longer.
The exercises can also improve agility and posture which can in turn help with simple things like getting up from a chair, or getting down onto the ground.
Furthermore, gentle exercises such as these in the morning gets the blood flowing around your body, which in turn will energise you, loosen your joints and get rid of accumulated stiffness.
Does this mean all Japanese people are fit?
Under 4% of Japanese people are considered 'obese', and while there are of course many factors at play here, the fact so many Japanese take part in a daily exercise routine surely must play a part.
Also a great many Japanese people remain 'fitter' for longer – i.e. keeping functionally active well into old age. Again, a lifetime of performing stretching and movement based exercises is a likely piece of the puzzle.
Since 2012 Internal Force Fitness has been promoting a set of Chinese callisthenics – which we simply called Everyday Exercise Routine 1. There are a few different sets (they are replaced every few years or so), but this is the one we considered to be the most FUN.
In 2017 we have put together an English language version of the Japanese radio exercises, also known as Radio Taiso (sometimes written as Rajio Taiso). We're keeping the name this time!